Phalaenopsis cochlearis (Holttum 1964)
Phalaenopsis in shape of conch (from the Latin cochlearis in shape of conch)
or Spoon-like Phalaenopsis (refers to the concave midlobe of the lip)
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Distribution : Sarawak, Malayan peninsula

Polychilos cochlearis (Shim 1982)

     Epiphytic plant but more often litophyte.
     Many and fleshy roots ,lateraly flatened, flexuous, glabrous, continuing their growth a long time.
     Stem short completely enclosed by imbricating leaf sheaths.
     2 to 4 leaves, rather thin, recurved, oblong-obovate or oblong-elliptic, acute or round. It's possible to see at the higher face 5 longitudinal strippes there on both sides from the central vein. Long 20 cm, broad of 8.
     Flower stalk twice longer than the foliage, erect, branched. Rachis in bearing zigzag few flowered.
     Bracts ovate, cucullatte, of more than 5 mm.
     Flower delicate with well spread out segments, of 4 cm. Dorsal sepal almost elliptic or lanceolate-elliptic, obtuse, dorsally submucronate. Lateral sepals obliquely ovate, acute, with revolutute margin, dorsally careened, more particularly toward apex. Petals almost elliptic or lanceolate-elliptic, acute, dorsally sub-carinate toward apex.
    Lip 3-lobed, fleshy, two time shorter than the petals. Lateral lobes oblong-linear, whit horizontal groove in the center, notched at apex. Midlobe sub-orbicular, very "cockled", rounded or emarginate at apex, provided with 5 little longitudinal ridges . Disc between lateral lobes decorated with a pair of fleshy callus, parallel, preceded by another bidentate fleshy callus .
     Column cylindric, fleshy, constricted in middle, 7 mm long.
     Pedicellate ovary up to 2 cm.
Lip of Phalaenopsis cochlearis (Sweet)
     The color of the flower varies from white to pale green, greenish or yellow, with two brown or brown/orange bars at the base of the segments. Lateral lobes creams or white with three strippes brown/orange on front. Yellow midlobe with several strippes brown/red on each side of the median peak.
     It is found until an altitude of 600/700 m. Flowering is autumnal, in septembre/octobre and may lasts from 4 to 6 weeks. It can be going up in spring. In culture, Phalaenopsis cochlearis request less light than other species.
     The regular addition of calcium carbonate or dolomite lime may have a very positive effect on the growth and health of the plant. The roots continue their growth and ramify during several years, it is important to spare them at the time of repottings.
     The first specimens were collected at the XIX ieme century end and were classified without continuation in the herbarium of professor Reichenbach.
Average temperature humidity and pluviometry, evolution relating to Sarawakregion of Kuching (altitude 530 meters)
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